Every time you workout you put your body and muscles into some stress, others call this stress “stimulus”. If this stimulus is enough your body will change, every time you train you give your body enough reasons to get bigger, stronger, faster or whatever your goal is. You can say that the results you get are your reward from your training program.
Adaptation can be consider a cycle which goes like this, every time you workout you put certain amount of stress on your body and muscles then if you train with the proper intensity to give your body and muscles the proper amount of stress or stimulus your body reacts and find ways to adapt to that stimulus, this way to adapt from your body is by change, every time you see some results, you see your body changing physically getting lean, gaining more muscle or losing fat is the result of your body adaptation to the stimulus you put.
Every time you do something different, you change something on your workout, you add variation or use some techniques you´ll get results, those results are from your body adapting to the new techniques or training methods.
When you train you need to make sure that the intensity is right, when you´re working out you are breaking down muscle fibers, once you´re done with your workout your muscles start to recover and grow, to get bigger and stronger, they need to prepare for the next workout this is why I consider meal timing after your workout so important, your body needs nutrients to start recovery.
If you stop making gains or you hit a plateau there may be two possible reasons, the first is if you do the same workout over and over again your body is already adapted so there´s not enough reason to change, the stress in your body is not enough to grow or to get stronger and the second is lack of recovery which can come from a bad nutrition program or you´re training so hard with high volume and high frequency and your body is not able to recover.
To keep making gains consistently you need to be in a constant state of adaptation, you do this by adding variation in your workout program, you can manipulate all training variables in many different ways like increasing volume and lowering frequency or increasing frequency lowering volume, changing exercises, changing rep ranges, using advanced training technique some weeks, using periodization are all ways to add variety to your workouts and keep the adaptation cycle going.
Following a proper nutrition program is key, meal timing is important, there´s an eating window that I consider to be highly important which is right after your workout, around 30 to 45 minutes after you finished training. During your training session you break down muscle so the faster you give nutrients to your body the faster it can begin to recover, high quality protein, carbohydrates and fats are important it´s not the same to fuel your body with healthy, natural foods than with junk. Your body needs nutrients too function properly and to recover.
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