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Stress

How stress and hormones are related

05 stress and hormones

The effects of stress can be very damaging in our entire body and it has a direct impact in your hormones making it harder for you to achieve any fitness goal and causing health problems.

When it comes to health, fitness, looking for programs or strategies you can follow to live a better life I haven´t seen someone giving the right attention to stress. For weight loss nutrition and exercise are always the key, for health problems it´s very common to look at the symptoms and go from there, we need to go deeper and find the cause in most cases our lifestyle is the cause of many diseases and stress plays a big part.

What happens when you are in an stressful situation or any moment that can be consider dangerous your body activates the “fight-or-flight” response which means that your hypothalamus located in your brain starts a series of functions to help you survive that situation, it sends signals that triggers cortisol and andrenaline. Adrenaline increases your heart rate and energy, cortisol increases sugar in the bloodstream.

When you are stressed out your body stops certain functions in your body to deal with that stress, your body needs a lot of energy in those moments, that energy comes in the form of glucose or carbohydrates which are the fastest form of energy so by stopping certain unnecessary functions your body makes sure that is has all the energy it needs but you are more prone to get sick and when this is sustain for a long period of time diseases start to appear.  Along with the functions your body stops it also blocks some neurotransmitters like serotonin which makes you feel good.

With chronic stress the “fight-or-flight” response keeps going and never stops while the functions on your body that are stopped remain that way, this is when health and mental problems begin. With chronic stress which is what most of suffer some functions and systems of our body remain turned off which makes us prone to diseases.

If cortisol levels remain high for long periods of time which is what happens with chronic stress, mental health problems like depression, anxiety and even suicide increases because it affects certain areas of your brain that control mood. When you are stressed out you may get angry more often and you tend to be more aggressive.

Since cortisol increases blood sugar if it remains high for long periods of time it may cause insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Being insulin resistant means that your body is not able to use carbohydrates efficiently so your body will store them as fat in your belly.

For people with diabetes it is harder to maintain blood glucose levels under control, even watching a terror movie or getting in a roller coaster can make glucose to get out of control. When you are experiencing emotions like fear, anxiety, tension, anger your body is reacting to an stressful situation. This is the result of your body releasing adrenaline and cortisol your body use glucose for energy but in people with diabetes their bodies can´t convert that glucose into energy so it stays in the bloodstream causing blood glucose to raise for a prolonged period of time.

So it´s not only about losing weight it´s about health, our lifestyle is killing us people in the industry focus on symptoms and treat symptoms but if we focus on the cause everything changes. Chronic stress is one of those causes and combined with bad habits create an unhealthy lifestyle. Everything we share in this website are tools to help you develop good habits and live a better life based on a healthy lifestyle.

Talking about hormones can get very complex and it´s impossible to get deeper in just one post so I´ll be sharing with you more information in separated posts trying to keep it as simple as possible, our goal with this website is that you understand how things work and give you tools or strategies you can start using today.

It would mean so much to me if you share this post with your friends and family and if you follow me on Twitter and Facebook, together we can help millions live a better life.

Pam